Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education
Republic of Macedonia is a democratic and social state in which everyone is equal before the law wherein one of the fundamental values of the constitutional order of the country is the respect of the democratic principles and the human rights. The country also ratified the European Convention on the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms of the Council of Europe (ECHR-1950) and Protocol No. 12 to the European Convention on the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms.
In its basic provisions, this Convention stipulates that the enjoyment of the rights and freedoms set forth in the Convention shall be secured without discrimination on any ground such as sex, race, color, national or social origin, political or religious opinion, property and social status. The Protocol provides for a general prohibition of the discrimination and strengthens and expands the existing non-discrimination provision comprised in Article 14 of the European Convention on the protection of the human rights and fundamental freedoms.
Respecting the concept of inclusion in education, Republic of Macedonia is striving majority of children with special needs to be included in mainstream pre-school institutions and schools, which adjust the implementation of the programme with special educational plans and offer additional help from special educators and other educational experts (pedagogues, psychologists and social workers).
The Bureau for Development of Education under jurisdiction of Ministry of Education and Science is creating educational plans and programs for preschool, elementary, secondary, specialized education, adult education and education for children with special needs. They are publicly offered at the web site of this institution. The Bureau for Development of Education also has an obligation to collect and analyse information and data regarding preschool, elementary, secondary, specialized education, adult education and education for children with special needs which contribute towards educational development of the country.